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survey on disinformation to women parliamentarians of Chile

Year of development: 2022
Funding: Fundación Multitudes


In just two years Chile is facing a strong period of political campaigns, in which citizens have to approach the polls on 6 occasions between November 2020 and December 2022. With the last of these (presidential) elections around the corner, technological development, and the Covid-19 pandemic, many of the activities, such as political campaigns, have become digital with great relevance in social media, a place where disinformation campaigns and fake news are mostly generated. In particular, women candidates have used social media the most because it’s free and allows direct interaction with voters.


Analyze the surveys carried out with Chilean women parliamentarians in order to know their experiences and stories in relation to political exercise and the delegitimization suffered due to disinformation campaigns and data breaches, in order to establish the first data at the national level, collect conclusions and generate recommendations


The anonymous survey consists of:

  • Five questions characterizing the sample (position, age, belonging to the LGBTIQ+ community, years of service and being indigenous people), 
  • Four quantitative questions about the experience of disinformation and, finally, 
  • A qualitative analysis section where the parliamentarians are invited to describe a personal experience lived around this issues.

This survey began to be applied in January 2021 until September of the same year.

During 2020, there were 36 women deputies and 12 women senators.

Of the female deputies, 25 replied, corresponding to 69,4% of the total, while half of the female senators replied

In total, 31 out of 48 women parliamentarians replied, i.e 64,5% of the total.


96,8% de parlamentarias encuestadas ha sido víctima de desinformación como violencia de género.

90,3% said that they do feel more exposed to being a victim of disinformation than their male colleagues.

A large percentage of women parliamentarians recognize that disinformation campaigns can be and in their case have been part of a gender attack

The vast majority have been victims of disinformation as a form of gender violence in campaigns and / or their exercise as women in decision-making.